Although these children can experience mental illnesses often associated with older children, adolescents and adults, the symptomology can manifest in various ways. Additionally, professional counselors working with children in a variety of settings should consider the residual impact of traumatic events experienced in early childhood.
A number of studies indicate that trauma is a strong predictor of academic failure Blodgett, Therefore, school counselors serving as mediators between academics and wellness should explore ways to advocate for and support students with known or suspected exposure to traumatic events in early childhood. For example, the trauma-sensitive schools initiative provides school counselors with a framework for fostering schoolwide awareness and creating a safe and supportive environment Cole et al.
School counselors can easily embed these types of preventive measures as part of a comprehensive school counseling program. These efforts will presumably result in increases in student success, wellness and awareness, three outcomes that will benefit all children exposed to traumatic events. While great strides have been taken recently in understanding and treating early childhood trauma, there are clear gaps in the dissemination of information to counselors.
Professional counselors should receive training in specifically designed interventions and attempt to raise public awareness of early childhood trauma in hopes that young children will receive necessary treatment. The findings of this literature review suggest that various methods of treatment might effectively reduce symptoms experienced by traumatized children. A major purpose of this article is to educate counselors about the impact of trauma in early childhood and advocate for appropriate assessment and treatment of these traumatic exposures.
While not all counselors choose to work with this vulnerable population, they often work with clients who have extended families with young children.
Counselors who work with adult clients can provide psychoeducation about this important issue and initiate referrals to counselors trained to work with early childhood trauma. There is a body of information about trauma in early childhood available for further review.
Counselors interested in learning more about this issue can review these online resources. Child maltreatment American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5th ed.
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If deemed appropriate, the assessing clinician may proceed by inquiring about both the traumatic event and the outcomes experienced e. Using the support button, the patient can start a chat session with app support or with the therapist. A more comprehensive and lengthy piece would include not only many many pages of references, but also would expand on all of those areas. When purchasing on PriceCheck's Marketplace buy clicking the Add to Cart button, the quantity limit of the product on offer is dependent on the stock levels as set by the shop. All merchants contact details can be found at pricecheck.
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