In he retained the U. In he won the first of his three U.
Open titles, won at Southsea in England. Army service interrupted his U. He played at the Helsinki Olympiad , won the third annual Christmas tournament at Vienna with a 9—2 score, he earned the International Master title in from his Southsea victory. After a poor performance in the U. Open in , he entered the Philadelphia Candidates' Tournament for the U. Championship and came through with another over performance, his meteoric rise culminated in winning the United States Chess Championship at New York. In at Oklahoma City , he added the U. Open Chess Championship title to his U.
Bisguier achieved the International Grandmaster title in , he tied with Bobby Fischer for first—second places at the U. Open at Cleveland , where Fischer was awarded the title on tiebreak. Bisguier represented the United States at five Chess Olympiads. His detailed results, from olimpbase. The late s saw the sensational rise of Bobby Fischer, who swept the eight U. Championship tournaments.
Bisguier and Fischer were tied for first place going into the last round of the — event, they still had to face each other. Bisguier had a promising position but made a mistake, which Fischer punished spectacularly, allowing Fischer to take the game and the title. Bisguier served as a second to Fischer at several international events. Most of Bisguier's play after the mids was limited to U. He won National Opens in , , He won the Lone Pine tournament in , tied for second place behind reigning world champion Boris Spassky in the international tournament in San Juan, Puerto Rico in , took first place in the first-ever Grand Prix in He took first place in the U.
Senior Open in , thus winning a U. He won the Senior Open again in and For many years, Bisguier was hired to play in towns throughout the U. For about 20 years, Bisguier was the representative the USCF chose to send to a state for one or two days to play at a hospital, college, or prison, so the public could get a chance to play the Grandmaster and former U. Champion, he commented: "I was delighted to do it.
I was lucky to get so much out of chess. I tried to give something back. Bisguier was a regular contributor to Chess Life magazine. In he wrote a book on his best games from — titled The Art of Bisguier; the following game is Bisguier's sole win against Bobby Fischer, their first game played. Fischer, although only aged 13 at the time of this game, was decidedly no pushover : in the same tournament he defeated Donald Byrne in his celebrated Game of the Century.
The ECO Codes is a classification system for the chess openings moves. Below is a list of chess openings organized by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings (ECO) code. Now the Opening Explorer has the best companion: the Chess Openings Trainer. The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: 1. d4 Nf6: 2. c4 e6: 3. Nc3 Bb4. Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 creppacletemysq.ml3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible. In the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, the Nimzo- Indian is classified as E20–E
Bisguier vs. Fischer, Rosenwald Memorial, New York 1.
Be2 cxd4 8. Nxd4 Nc6 9. Nc2 Bd7 Be3 Na5 Nd5 Rc6 Nd4 Rc8 Nc2 Rc6 Ncb4 Re6 Bg4 Rxe5 Bb6 Qc8 Bxd7 Qxd7 Bxa5 e6 Nd3 Rh5 N3f4 Rf5 Bb4 exd5 Bxf8 Bxa1 Qxa1 Kxf8 Nxd5 Qc6 Qf8 Qd7 Rd1 Rf6 Glossary of chess This page explains used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
Some of these have their own pages, like pin. For a list of unorthodox chess pieces, see Fairy chess piece. Absolute pin A pin against the king is called absolute since the pinned piece cannot move out of the line of attack. Active Describes a piece that threatens a number of squares, or that has a number of squares available for its next move, it may describe an aggressive style of play.
Antonym : passive. Adjournment Suspension of a chess game with the intention to finish it later, it was once common in high-level competition occurring soon after the first time control, but the practice has been abandoned due to the advent of computer analysis. See sealed move. Adjudication A way to decide the result of an unfinished game. A tournament director, or an impartial and strong player, will evaluate the final position and assign a win, draw, or loss assuming best play by both players.
Adjust See Touch-move rule. To adjust the position of a piece on its square without being required to move it. A player may only do this on their turn, they must first say "I adjust", or the French equivalent J'adoube.
Advanced pawn A pawn, on the opponent's side of the board. An advanced pawn may be weak if it is overextended, lacking support and difficult to defend, or strong if it cramps the enemy by limiting mobility. An advanced passed pawn that threatens to promote can be strong. Advantage A better position with the chance of winning the game. Evaluation factors can include space, time and threats. Alekhine's gun A special form of battery in which a queen backs up two rooks on the same file. Algebraic notation The standard way to record the moves of a chess game, using alphanumeric coordinates for the squares.
Amateur Any player whose main occupation is not chess; the distinction between professional and amateur is not important in chess as amateurs may win prizes, accept appearance fees, earn any title, including World Champion. In the 19th century, "Amateur" was sometimes used in published game scores to conceal the name of the losing player in a Master vs.
Amateur contest. It was thought to be impolite to use a player's name without permission, the professional did not want to risk losing a customer. See NN. At the end of a game, the players will do an analysis of the game. Annotation Written commentary on a game or a position using words, chess symbols or notation. Antipositional A move or a plan, not in accordance with the principles of positional play. Antipositional is used to describe moves that are part of an incorrect plan rather than a mistake made when trying to follow a correct plan.
Antipositional moves are pawn moves. Anti-Sicilian An opening variation that White uses against the Sicilian Defense other than the most common plan of 2. Nf3 followed by 3. Arabian mate A checkmate that occurs when rook trap the opposing king in a corner. Arbiter See International Arbiter. Armageddon game A game, guaranteed to produce a decisive result, because if there is a draw it is ruled a victory for Black. In compensation for this White is given more time on the clock.
White is given six minutes, Black five; this format is used in playoff tiebreakers when shorter blitz games have not resolved the tie. Artificial castling Refers to a maneuver of several separate moves by the king and by a rook where they end up as if they had castled. Known as castling by hand.